Safeguards Provisions in the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

Safeguards ProvisionsSince its adoption by 122 states on 7 July 2017, the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) has frequently been made the target of criticism as regards its Safeguards provisions. The following provides an analysis of these clauses as contained in the Treaty’s Articles 3 and 4, outlines the main arguments that have been leveled against the Treaty in this regard, and responds to these.

Read more: Safeguards Provisions in the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Safeguards and the Security of Nuclear Materials

Nuclear Safeguards thumbNuclear technology is Janus-headed; it is a dual-use technology with both peaceful and military applications. Concerns about the misuse of peaceful applications of nuclear energy were at first focused on states seeking nuclear weapons. The first concepts for restricting nuclear energy to peaceful purposes were proposed in the context of a broad international agreement under the auspices of the newly formed United Nations.

Read more: Nuclear Safeguards and the Security of Nuclear Materials

Can Europe save the JCPOA?

can eu save JCPOAOn May 8, President Trump “withdrew” the United States from a deal agreed by his predecessor to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons. US withdrawal was not foreseen when the agreement was drafted, nor was the possibility that the United States might stand in isolation from its closest international partners. Withdrawal also did not mean that the deal ended.

Read more: Can Europe save the JCPOA?

Second Time is NOT a Charm for the Nuclear Ban Treaty

Second Time is NOT a Charm thmbSo the well-intended states and civil society groups in New York have produced a second draft of the nuclear weapons ban convention. The draft shows real work, and drafters deserve credit for some notable improvements. However, aside from questionable nature of the exercise to begin with, the second draft retains many of the specific problems associated with the first and raises new, serious questions.

Read more: Second Time is NOT a Charm for the Nuclear Ban Treaty