The concept of nuclear safeguards was outlined by the United States, United Kingdom and Canada in the 1945 Agreed Declaration on Atomic Energy. This called for the establishment of an Atomic Energy Commission to make proposals, inter alia, for:… effective safeguards by way of inspection and other means to protect complying states against the hazards of violations and evasions.
Read more: Future Directions in IAEA Safeguards
There were no major surprises in North Korea’s September 9 military parade.
Although North Korea has not yet broadcast the parade, images taken by journalists in Pyongyang show that the parade line-up was identical to the lineup seen in a satellite image taken on August 22. Contrary to some earlier prognostications, the parade on Sunday was smaller than the one in February, smaller than past parades, and did not include any nuclear-armed systems.
Read more: North Korea's Nuclear Disappearing Act