On 12 December 1985 the Democratic People´s Republic of Korea (DPRK) became a party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). On 10 April 1992 the NPT Safeguards Agreement entered into force (INFCIRC/403). Before that, in 1977, the country had concluded an INFCIRC/66 type Safeguards Agreement (INFCIRC/252) for two nuclear research facilities (the IRT research reactor and a critical assembly).
Paper presented at the IAEA Symposium on International Safeguards, “Linking Strategy, Implementation and People,” held in Vienna, Austria, October 22, 2014.
IAEA safeguards have much improved since their inception and the Safeguards Department is commendably continually improving its technical capabilities and planning to make full use of its statutory authority. The question remains: Will this be enough to keep countries from exploiting nuclear power programs to develop nuclear weapons, or to be in a position to do so rapidly should they so decide?
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Source: The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC)