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Illicit Trafficking of Nuclear and other Radioactive Material

vertic illicit traffickingThis report represents the outcome of research conducted by VERTIC into the international legal framework currently in place to address the illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive material. This research has aimed to identify what activities are covered by existing prohibitions. In doing so, it intends to provide a clear overview of the current state of legal instruments underpinning the fight against illicit trafficking of these materials.

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Are States Boycotting the Nuclear Weapon Ban Negotiations Violating Their NPT Commitments?

NTI article2Nearly a half-century ago, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), today the cornerstone of the global non-proliferation regime, was opened for signature. It entered into force in 1970 and the central covenant was this: states without nuclear weapons will not seek to acquire them and states with nuclear weapons will pursue disarmament.

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Brexit effects: The future of safeguards in the United Kingdom

brexit safeguardsThe result of the referendum on 23 June has generated a great deal of uncertainty. As the UK enters what may be an extended period of political instability it remains unclear how and when the process to leave the European Union will begin. The result has also cast doubt over a swathe of policy areas that relied on close European coordination or collaboration. One of these areas of doubt—completely ignored during the referendum debate and liable to be overlooked during the exit negotiations—is the application of nuclear safeguards.

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DPRK’s Yongbyon 5MWe Reactor

5MWeAlthough North Korea told the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)  the reactor would be used for electricity generation, experts were skeptical and suspected a possible military purpose as the reactor’s design can easily produce weapons-grade plutonium. These suspicions were confirmed when North Korea announced its nuclear weapons in 2005 and conducted its first test in 2006.

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Verification and monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of United Nations Security Council resolution 2231 (2015)

resolution 2231This report of the Director General to the Board of Governors and, in parallel, to the United Nations Security Council (Security Council), is on the Islamic Republic of Iran’s (Iran’s) implementation of its nuclear-related commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and on matters related to verification and monitoring in Iran in light of Security Council resolution 2231 (2015).

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