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Identification of uranium signatures relevant for nuclear safeguards and forensics

3The paper describes the applicability of different characteristics (signatures) in nuclear safeguards and forensics for assessment of uranium material provenance in terms of production process. The study follows a uranium ore concentrate production from an ore to a U3O8 product. It turned out that rare-earth elemental pattern, radiochronometry (age of ore body and material production date), sulphur and organic impurities are useful to find out the origin or history of the material, while certain trace-elements and isotopics of Pb or Sr were found to be inconclusive. The results will be important to understand the signatures in nuclear safeguards and forensics.

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Nuclear Weapon Prohibition Treaty: A Safeguards Debacle

NPT Safeguards debacleSuccessive NPT review conferences have recognised nuclear disarmament will require safeguards that are both rigorous and universal. In concluding the nuclear weapon prohibition treaty, however, the negotiating states have failed to require a universal high safeguards standard. Rather, the treaty sets different standards depending on a party’s circumstances. This approach not only damages the treaty itself, but also the prospects for disarmament and potentially the NPT. If the text cannot be corrected, what should have been an inspirational treaty will instead remain divisive and counterproductive.

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Risks and Fragmentation: Challenges and Strategies for Nuclear Policy Advocacy

InsightsIt is often said that while the number of nuclear weapons has decreased since the height of the Cold War, the risk of nuclear weapons use has increased. Yet as countries and multilateral institutions work to roll back rising nuclear dangers, the broader nuclear policy field often struggles to maintain focus and promote unifying strategies for addressing these dangers. This reflects a fragmented nuclear policy community, partially due to siloed expertise and competing prioritization of the risks.

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source: www.stanleyfoundation.org

DEBATING DISARMAMENT - Interpreting Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

debating disarmamentThe author offers a close analysis of Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the treaty’s only article dealing with disarmament, focusing upon both its text and negotiating history, and assesses its applicability as a standard for judging treaty compliance.

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Strengthening Global Nuclear Governance

Issues 120Motivated in large part by climate change and the need for carbon-free energy sources, governments and companies around the world are pushing to revive nuclear energy. Developed and developing countries alike have expressed interest. For developing countries, however, building a nuclear power plant can be particularly problematic, both for the countries and the world overall.

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Source:http://issues.org