Nuclear safeguards have been an essential part of the global order since the beginnings of the nuclear age. The International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA], an international bureaucracy that is supposed to be a non-political, technical institution administers this global nuclear safeguards regime. Even though safeguards have always been controversial, they have turned out to be the most enduring item in the international community’s toolbox to prevent or slow down the spread of nuclear weapons to non-nuclear states.
source: Taylor & Francis Online
Whatever our expectations in disarmament and non-proliferation were a few years ago, they have now changed – and certainly for the worse. The global nuclearnon-proliferation regime, the strategic stability between the major powers and other states, are at risk. In addition, the serious challenges to progress toward nuclear disarmament and arms control have increased in recent years.
source: Proceedings of the N.EX.T. Generation,Volume 45 of the Publication Series on Democracy
Read more: The Crisis of Nuclear Disarmament and Arms Control: Diagnosis and Future Concepts